8 English It So Happened

Ancient Education System of India

Comprehension Check

Part 1

Question 1: Why were travellers attracted towards India?

Answer: During ancient times, the fame of Indian culture, wealth, religion, philosophies, art, architecture, etc. had spread to all corners of the world. Moreover, the Indian education system was also regarded as among the best in the world. Due to this, travelers from around the world were attracted towards India.

Question2: What were the sources of the ancient education system?

Answer: Following is the list of various sources of the ancient education system in India:

Question 3: What were the features of education system in ancient India?

Answer: Following are the features of education system in ancient India:

Question 4: What was the role of guru in pupils' lives?

Answer: The guru had an all encompassing role to play in pupils' life, especially in the gurukul (गुरुकुल). A gurukul can be compared the modern day boarding school. Throughout the tenure of education, a student lived in gurukul, away from his parents. So, a guru was more than a teacher. He was a friend, guardian, spiritual guide and moral torchbearer for the student.

Comprehension Check

Part 2

Question 1: Where did nuns and monks receive their education?

Answer: Nuns and monks received their education at monasteries or viharas (विहार).

Question 2: What is Panini known for?

Answer: Panini is known for his work on grammar. He authored the famous book Ashtadhyayi (अष्टाध्यायी) , a treatise on grammar and language.

Question 3: Which university did Xuan Zang and I-Quing study at?

Answer: Nalanda (नालंदा) University

Question 4: Which subject did Xuan Zang study in India?

Answer: Xuan Zang studies yogashashtra (योगशास्त्र) in India.

Question 5: How did society help in the education of the students?

Answer: Knowledge was considered sacred and no fee was charged for education. People considered contribution towards education as the highest form of donation. Rich merchants and parents provided financial support. Many people gifted buildings for educational institutions. Some people gifted land for establishment of gurukul.