Class 8 Science
Multiple Choice Questions
Question 1: Which of the following animal is endemic to Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve?
- Flying squirrel
- Bengal tiger
Answer: (a) flying squirrel
Question 2: Which of the following plants is endemic to Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve?
- Wild Guava
- Wild mango
Answer: (c) Wild mango
Question 3: Kanha National Park is in which state?
- Madhya Pradesh
- West Bengal
Answer: (a) Madhya Pradesh
Question 4: Gir National Forest is in which state?
- Madhya Pradesh
Answer: (b) Gujarat
Question 5: Project Tiger was launched in which year?
Answer: (b) 1973
Question 6: Indian Forest (conservation) Act came into effect in which year?
Answer: (c) 1927
Question 7: What is the total number of national parks in Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve?
Answer: (a) One
Question 8: What is the total number of wildlife sanctuaries in Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve?
Answer: (b) Two
Question 9: The Red Data Book was originally prepared by which of the following?
Answer: (a) IUCN
Very Short Answer Type Questions:
Question 1: What is deforestation?
Answer: Clearing of forest and using that land for other purposes is called deforestation.
Question 2: What is desertification?
Answer: Conversion of fertile land into desert is called desertification.
Question 3: What is biosphere?
Answer: The part of the earth where all living organisms are present is called biosphere. This is a nrrow zone between atmosphere, lithosphere and hydrosphere.
Question 4: What is biodiversity?
Answer: Variety of organisms existing on earth, their interrelationship and their relationship with the environment together comprise biodiversity.
Question 5: What are protected areas?
Answer: Areas which have been demarcated to protect our flora and fauna and their habitat are called protected areas.
Question 6: What do you understand by flora?
Answer: The plant species found in a particular area are collectively termed as flora.
Question 7: What do you understand by fauna?
Answer: The animal species found in a particular area are collectively termed as fauna.
Question 8: What is a species?
Answer: A group of population capable of interbreeding is called species.
Question 9: What is an extinct species?
Answer: Animals which no longer exist on earth are called extinct animals, e.g. dinosaurs, dodo, etc.
Question 10: What is ecosystem?
Answer: A system of interdependencies among all living beings and non-living things in an area is called ecosystem.