Class 8 Science

Conservation

Extra Questions

Multiple Choice Questions

Question 1: Which of the following animal is endemic to Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve?

  • Flying squirrel
  • Bengal tiger
  • Elephant
  • Gharial

    Answer: (a) flying squirrel

Question 2: Which of the following plants is endemic to Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve?

  • Jackfruit
  • Wild Guava
  • Wild mango
  • Mahua

    Answer: (c) Wild mango

Question 3: Kanha National Park is in which state?

  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Assam
  • West Bengal
  • Uttarakhand

    Answer: (a) Madhya Pradesh

Question 4: Gir National Forest is in which state?

  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Gujarat
  • Kerala
  • Rajasthan

    Answer: (b) Gujarat

Question 5: Project Tiger was launched in which year?

  • 1963
  • 1973
  • 1983
  • 1993

    Answer: (b) 1973

Question 6: Indian Forest (conservation) Act came into effect in which year?

  • 1947
  • 1937
  • 1927
  • 1917

    Answer: (c) 1927

Question 7: What is the total number of national parks in Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve?

  • One
  • Two
  • Three
  • Four

    Answer: (a) One

Question 8: What is the total number of wildlife sanctuaries in Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve?

  • One
  • Two
  • Three
  • Four

    Answer: (b) Two

Question 9: The Red Data Book was originally prepared by which of the following?

  • IUCN
  • WWF
  • UNICEF
  • UNO

    Answer: (a) IUCN


Very Short Answer Type Questions:

Question 1: What is deforestation?

Answer: Clearing of forest and using that land for other purposes is called deforestation.

Question 2: What is desertification?

Answer: Conversion of fertile land into desert is called desertification.

Question 3: What is biosphere?

Answer: The part of the earth where all living organisms are present is called biosphere. This is a nrrow zone between atmosphere, lithosphere and hydrosphere.

Question 4: What is biodiversity?

Answer: Variety of organisms existing on earth, their interrelationship and their relationship with the environment together comprise biodiversity.

Question 5: What are protected areas?

Answer: Areas which have been demarcated to protect our flora and fauna and their habitat are called protected areas.


Question 6: What do you understand by flora?

Answer: The plant species found in a particular area are collectively termed as flora.

Question 7: What do you understand by fauna?

Answer: The animal species found in a particular area are collectively termed as fauna.

Question 8: What is a species?

Answer: A group of population capable of interbreeding is called species.

Question 9: What is an extinct species?

Answer: Animals which no longer exist on earth are called extinct animals, e.g. dinosaurs, dodo, etc.

Question 10: What is ecosystem?

Answer: A system of interdependencies among all living beings and non-living things in an area is called ecosystem.