Class 8 English
The Summit Within
Question 1: Standing on Everest, the writer was
- Very sad
- Jubilant and sad
Answer: (c) He was jubilant because of reaching the highest peak in the world and was sad because he had had to go down to reach the real world.
Question 2: The emotion that gripped him was one of
- victory over hurdles
- humility and a sense of smallness
- greatness and self importance
- joy of discovery
Answer: (b) Anybody can get overawed by the sheer scale of nature’s creation and feels so small in front of it.
Question 3: “The summit of the mind” refers to
- great intellectual achievements
- the process of maturing mentally and spiritually
- overcoming personal ambition for common welfare
- living in the world of thought and imagination
- the triumph of mind over worldly pleasures for a noble cause
- a fuller knowledge of oneself
Mark the item(s) not relevant.
Answer: (a) As per the passage it is not about an achievement.
Answer the following question:
Question 1: What are the three qualities that played a major role in the author’s climb?
Answer: The first quality was author’s affinity to mountains. The second quality was the ambition of climbing the Everest was like second nature to him. It was as natural an urge as breathing. The third quality was a deep desire to be a small part of the larger universe. These things made a deadly combination to kindle a burning desire to reach the highest peak in the world.
Question 2: Why is adventure, which is risky, also pleasurable?
Answer: An adventure presents great obstacles to the man. It is human nature to endure all pains to cross those obstacles. Once you cross an obstacle you get pleasure of achievement.
Question 3: What was it about Mount Everest that the author found irresistible?
Answer: Author was always fond of mountain climbing. Everest is special as it is the highest and the toughest peak to conquer. Climbing the Everest takes your last ounce of energy. Once you are half way up there can be no going back, because coming down is as difficult as going up. Then there is the irresistible urge to achieve the ultimate, climbing the toughest and the highest mountain in the world.
Question 4: One does not do it (climb a high peak) for fame alone. What does one do it for, really?
Answer: There is a deep sense of getting the ultimate feeling of how small a part of the universe you are. The desire is also filled by lots of emotion. According to author mountains are like abodes of the God. Reaching a peak means witnessing the communication with the God. It is also to get a feeling of adventure. The fame part automatically comes with the package. For example; a cricketer doesn’t start playing cricket for fame, he does it because he enjoys cricket more than anything else in life. Once you enjoy doing something then only you attain perfection in doing it. It is your achievements which bring fame as a bonus.
Question 5: “He becomes conscious in a special manner of his own smallness in his large universe.” This awareness defines an emotion mentioned in the first paragraph. Which is the emotion?
Answer: The emotion mentioned is ‘humility’. It means a sense of being small and mortal. It is a fact that our planet earth is a small speck of dust in the larger universe and we are a tiny part of this planet. The sheer grand size of a mountain peak dwarfs your size and has a sobering effect on you. Due to this you tend to realize that you are just a small part of the large scheme called the universe.
Question 6: What were the “symbols of reverence” left by members of the team on Everest?
Answer: Many people who have reached the Everest have left totems of their religion. The author left a picture of Guru Nanak, his companion Rawat left a picture of the Goddess Durga and Sir Edmund Hillary buried a cross there. The author describes them not as symbols of achievement, but as symbols of reverence.
Question 7: What, according to the writer, did his experience as an Everester teach him?
Answer: The act of climbing the Everest taught the author to face life’s ordeal resolutely. The author feels that in real life we have mental obstacles to cross. These obstacles are like our ‘internal mountain peaks’. These peaks are even more difficult to surmount.
Write a sentence against each of the following statements. Your sentence should explain the statement. You can pick out sentences from the text and rewrite them.
Question 1: The experience changes you completely.
Answer: One who has been to the mountains is never the same again.
Question 2: Man takes delight in overcoming obstacles.
Answer: Overcoming obstacles is a means to test and show your physical endurance and will power.
Question 3: Mountains are nature at its best.
Answer: Their beauty and majesty pose a great challenge.
Question 4: The going was difficult but the after-effects were satisfying.
Answer: You look back at pains you underwent and get a sense that it was worth taking those pains to attain your goal.
Question 5: The physical conquest of a mountain is really a spiritual experience.
Answer: As the site of standing on a peak gives you a sense to be in communion with the God, to be in the vast lap of ‘mother nature’ you tend to feel the presence of the all powerful God.