CAT Reasoning Test 1 Back to CAT Home

# Data Interpretation & Logical Reasoning

Directions for questions 1-4 : Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.

Jayant, Kamal, Namita, Asha and Tanmay will get an item for his/her birthday out of Bengali sweets. They have their birth dates from January to May, each member in one of these months. Each one likes one particular item for his/her birthday out of Bengali sweets, Chocolates, Pastries, Ice Cream and Dry Fruits. The one who likes Pastries is born in the month which is exactly in the middle of the months given. Asha does not like Ice Cream but brings Chocolates for Jayant in February. Tanmay who is found of Bengali sweets is born in the next month immediately after Namita. Namita does not like Dry Fruits or Ice Cream.

1. What is the choice of Asha

A. Pastries

B. Dry Fruits

C. Bengali Sweets

D. Chocolates

E. Cannotbe determined

2. Which combination of month and item is true of Jayant

A. March --Pastries

B. February -- Pastries

C. March -- Chocolates

D. February -- Chocolates

E. None of these

3. What is the choice of Kamal?

A. Ice cream

B. Chocolates

C. Bengali Sweets

D. Dry fruits

E. Cannot be determined

4. In which month Kamal was born

A. January

B. February

C. May

D. January or May

E. Cannot be determined

Directions for questions 5-8 : Refer to the data below and answer the questions

An employee has been assigned the task of allotting offices to six of the staff members. The offices are numbered 1 – 6. The offices are arranged in a row and they are separated from each other by six foot high dividers. Hence voices, sounds and cigarette smoke flow easily from one office to another. Miss Roberts needs to use the telephone quite often throughout the day. Mr. Mike and Mr. Brown need adjacent offices as they need to consult each other often while working. Miss. Hardy is a senior employee and has to be allotted the office number 5, having the biggest window. Mr. Donald requires silence in the offices next to his. Mr. Tim, Mr. Mike and Mr. Donald are all smokers. Miss Hardy finds tobacco smoke allergic and consecutively the offices next to hers to be occupied by non-smokers. Unless specifically stated all the employees maintain an atmosphere of silence during office hours.

5. The ideal candidate to occupy the office furthest from Mr. Brown would be

A. Miss Hardy

B. Mr. Mike

C. Mr. Tim

D. Mr. Donald

E. Miss Roberts

6. The three employees who are smokers should be seated in the offices.

A. 1, 2 and 4

B. 2, 3 and 6

C. 1, 2 and 3

D. 1, 2 and 5

E. 1, 2 and 6

7. The ideal office for Mr, Mike would be.

A. 2

B. 6

C. 1

D. 3

E. 4

8. In the event of what occurrence, within a period of one month since the assignment of the offices, would a request for a change in office be put forth by one or more employees?

A. Mr. Donald quitting smoking.

B. The installation of a noisy teletype machine by Miss Hardy in her office.

C. Miss. Robert’s needing silence in the office (s) next to her own.

D. Mr. Brown suffering from laryngitis.

E. Mr. Tim taking over the duties formerly taken care of by Miss Roberts

Directions for questions 9-13 : Refer to the data below and answer the questions

The table below shows the population, area, density, literacy and public expenditure on education. Answer the questions by choosing the correct and most approximate choice, using the data below.d most approximate choice, using the data below.

 Population, Area, Density, Literacy and Public Expenditure on Education Particulars Population(‘000s) (1996) Area (Sq. Kms) Percentage of Adult illiterate Population 1996 Public expenditure on Education as %age of GD{(1996) World 5,767,443 135,604,354 N.A. N.A. Afghanistan 20,883 652,090 68.5 N.A. Bangladesh 120,073 143,998 61.9 2.9 China 1,232,083 9,596,961 18.5 2.3 India 944,580 3,287,590 48.0 3.4 Indonesia 200,453 1,904,569 16.2 - Japan 125,351 377,801 N.A. 3.6 Myanmar 45,922 676,578 16.9 N.A. Nepal 22,021 140,797 72.5 3.1 Pakistan 139,973 796,095 62.2 3.0 Sri Lanka 18,100 65,610 9.8 3.4 Thailand 58,703 513,115 6.2 4.1

9. The density of population in India exceeds China’s population density by:

A. 2 times

B. 1.5 times

C. 1.25 times

D. 0.9 times

E. None of these

10. These 11 countries together account for what % of the world’s population?

A. 60%

B. 30%

C. 50.40%

D. 50.70%

E. None of these

11. The total number of illiterates in India is more than the total population of which of the above countries?

A. Thailand

B. Nepal, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh

C. Japan, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh

D. Japan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Thailand

E. None of these

12. If the GNP of Nepal was 1 Billion USD, what is the per capita expenditure on education in 1995?

A. \$ 1.36

B. \$ 13.62

C. \$ 136.23

D. \$ 30

E. Data insufficient

13. On an average how many people live in every square kilometer across the world?

A. 5.70

B. 10.3

C. 71.2

D. 42.2

E. None of these

Directions for questions 14-18 : Refer to the data below and answer the questions

14

• Mr. Janeck: I don’t believe Stevenson will win the election for governor. Few voters are willing to elect a businessman with no political experience to such a responsible public office.

• Ms. Siuzdak: You’re wrong. The experience of running a major corporation is a valuable preparation for the task of running a state government.

14. M. Siuzdak’s response shows that she has interpreted Mr. Janeck’s remark to imply which of the following?

A. Mr. Janeck considers Stevenson unqualified for the office of governor.

B. No candidate without political experience has ever been elected governor of a state.

C. Mr. Janeck believes that political leadership and business leadership are closely analogous.

D. A career spent in the pursuit of profit can be an impediment to one’s ability to run a state government fairly.

E. Voters generally overestimate the value of political experience when selecting a candidate

15. One tax-reform proposal that has gained increasing support in recent years is the flat tax, which would impose a uniform tax rate on incomes at every level. Opponents of the flat tax say that a progressive tax system, which levies a higher rate of taxes on higher-income taxpayers, is fairer, placing the greater burden on those better able to bear it. However, the present crazy quilt of tax deductions, exemptions, credits, and loopholes benefits primarily the high-income taxpayer, who is consequently able to reduce his or her effective tax rat, often to a level below that paid by the lower-income taxpayer. Therefore, -----------

15. Which of the following best completes the given passage?

A. higher-income taxpayers are likely to lend their support to the flat-tax proposal now being considered by Congress

B. a flat-tax system that allowed no deductions or exemptions would substantially increase actual government revenues

C. the lower-income taxpayer might well be D. the progressive nature of our present tax system is more illusory than real

E. the flat tax would actually be fairer to the lower-income taxpayer than any progressive tax system could be

16. As part of our program to halt the influx of illegal immigrants, the administration is proposing the creation of a national identity card. The card would be available only to US citizens and to registered aliens, and all persons would be required to produce the card before they could be given a job. Of course, such a system holds the potential, however slight, for the abuse of civil liberties. Therefore, all personal information gathered through this system would be held strictly confidential; to be released only by authorized personnel under appropriate circumstances. Those who are in compliance with US laws would have nothing to fear from the identity card system. er appropriate circumstances. Those who are in compliance with US laws would have nothing to fear from the identity card system.

16. In evaluating the given proposal, a person concerned about the misuse of confidential information would be most interested in having the author clarify the meaning of which of the following phrases?

A. “all persons”

B. “however slight”

C. “civil liberties”

D. “appropriate circumstances”

E. “US laws”

17. At one time, European and Japanese companies tried to imitate their American rivals. Today, American appliance manufacturers import European scientists to lead their research staffs; American automakers design cars that mimic the styling of German, Italian, and French imports; and American electronics firms boast in their advertising of “Japanese-style” devotion to quality and reliability. In the world of high technology, America has lost the battle for international prestige.

17. Each of the following statements, if true, would help to support the claim given EXCEPT:

A. An American camera company claims in its promotional literature to produce cameras “as fine as the best Swiss imports.”

B. An American maker of stereo components designs its products to resemble those of a popular Japanese firm.

C. An American manufacturer of video games uses a brand name chosen because it sounds like a Japanese word.

D. An American maker of televisions studies German-made televisions in order to adopt German manufacturing techniques.

E. An American maker of frozen foods advertises its dinners as “Real European style entree’s prepared by fine French and Italian chefs.”

18. Johnson is on firm ground when he asserts that the early editors of Dickinson’s poetry often distorted her intentions. Yet Johnson’s own, more faithful, text is still guilty of its own forms of distortion. To standardize Dickinson’s often indecipherable hand written punctuation by the use of the dash is to render permanent a casual mode of poetic phrasing that Dickinson surely never expected to see in print. It her typical mark of punctuation when, in fact, she apparently never , made any definitive choice at all.

18. Which of the following best summarizes the author’s main point?

A. Although Johnson is right in criticizing Dickinson’s early editors for their distortion of her work, his own text is guilty of equally serious distortions.

B. Johnson’s use of the dash in his text of Dickinson’s poetry misleads readers about the poet’s intentions.

C. Because Dickinson never expected her poetry to be published, virtually any attempt at editing it must urn counter to her intentions.

D. Although Johnson’s attempt to produce a more faithful text of Deckinson’s poerty is well-meaning, his study of the material lacks sufficient thoroughness.

E. Dickinson’s editors, including Johnson, have failed to deal adequately with the problem of deciphering Dickinson’s handwritten manuscripts.

Directions for questions 19-20 : Refer to the data below and answer the queations

In a certain code, 289 means read from paper; 276 means tea from field and 85 means wall paper.

19. Which of the following is code for tea?

A. 2

B. 6

C. either 2 or 6

D. either 2 or 7

E. either 7 or 6

20. Which of the following is code for paper?

A. 2

B. 8

C. 9

D. Cannot be determined

E. None of these

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