Seeds and Seeds

You must have seen many types of seeds. Some seeds are small and some are large. Seeds of mustard are small, while seed of coconut is quite large. Seeds come in different shapes. Some are round, some are flat and some appear like capsules. Some seeds are smooth while some are rough. Seeds come in many colours.

Germination of Seed

A seed contains a baby plant and some food for the baby plant. When a seed starts to change in a plant, the process is called germination of seed. A seed need proper temperature, water and air to germinate. Following are the steps of seed germination.

Germination of Seed

Seeds Travel

Seeds travel far and wide. This helps them to produce plants in new areas. Different seeds travel by different methods.

Dandelion Seed Maple Seed Beggar Tick Seed Coconut Seed

Fig: From left to right: Seeds of dandelion, maple, beggar tick and coconut

Chillies also came from South America. Cabbage came from Europe. Bhindi or okra came from Africa.


Activity

Bowl 1Bowl 2Bowl 3
Are the seeds getting air?NoYesYes
Are the seeds getting water?YesyesNo
What changes did you see?Size of seeds increased.Size of seeds increased.No change
Have the seeds sprouted?NoYesNo

Conclusion: Both water and air are necessary for germination of seeds. A seed cannot germinate if any of the two is not available.


Discuss

Question 1: What things are soaked before cooking in your house? Why?

Answer: Dal (Lentil), chana (chick pea), rice

Question 2: What things do you eat after sprouting? How are they sprouted? How much time does it take?

Answer: I eat chana and moong after sprouting. They are soaked in water overnight. After that, the seeds are kept in moist cloth. It takes about five to seven days for seeds to sprout.

Question 3: Has the doctor or someone you know ever told you to eat sprouts? Why?

Answer: Once a doctor told me to eat sprouts. He told that sprouts have many vitamins and they make us healthy.

Question 4: What is inside the seed?

Answer: A seed has a baby plant inside.

Question 5: How does a big plant grow from a tiny seed?

Answer: First of all, a seed germinates to give a baby plant. After that, the baby plant grows into a big plant.

Question 6: Do some plants grow without seeds?

Answer: Yes, there are many plants which grow without seeds. Some examples are, banana, rose, sugar cane, etc.

Question 7: Make lists of

(a) Seeds that are used as spices in your home.

Answer: Carom seeds, mustard, cumin, fenugreek, coriander, etc.

(b) Seeds of vegetables.

Answer: Pea, tomato, brinjal

(c) Seeds of fruits.

Answer: Mango, jackfruit, coconut, guava

(d) Light seeds (check by blowing them).

Answer: Azwain, carom seeds

(e) Seeds which are flat.

Answer: Sesame, maize, melon



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