Class 9 Civics

Democratic Rights

NCERT Solution

Question 1: Which of the following is not an instance of an exercise of a fundamental right?

  • Workers from Bihar go to the Punjab to work on the farms
  • Christian missions set up a chain of missionary schools
  • Men and women government employees get the same salary
  • Parents’ property is inherited by their children

    Answer: (d) Parents’ property is inherited by their children

Question 2: Which of the following freedoms is not available to an Indian citizen?

  • Freedom to criticise the government
  • Freedom to participate in armed revolution
  • Freedom to start a movement to change the government
  • Freedom to oppose the central values of the Constitution

    Answer: (b) Freedom to participate in armed revolution

Question 3: Which of the following rights is available under the Indian Constitution?

  • Right to work
  • Right to adequate livelihood
  • Right to protect one’s culture
  • Right to privacy

    Answer: (c) Right to protect one’s culture

Question 4: Name the Fundamental Right under which each of the following rights falls:

  • Freedom to propagate one’s religion

    Answer: Right to freedom of religion
  • Right to life

    Answer: Right to freedom
  • Abolition of untouchability

    Answer: Right to euqality
  • Ban on bonded labour

    Answer: Right to freedom

Question 5: Which of these statements about the relationship between democracy and rights is more valid? Give reasons for your preference.

  • Every country that is a democracy gives rights to its citizens.
  • Every country that gives rights to its citizens is a democracy.
  • Giving rights is good, but it is not necessary for a democracy.

    Answer: (a) Every country that is a democracy gives rights to its citizens

Question 6: Are these restrictions on the right to freedom justified? Give reasons for your answer.

  • Indian citizens need permission to visit some border areas of the country for reasons of security.

    Answer: Country’s security is more important than the right to freedom of a citizen, hence this restriction is justified.
  • Outsiders are not allowed to buy property in some areas to protect the interest of the local population.

    Answer: Some areas may be culturally or ecologically vulnerable and hence outsiders are not allowed to buy property in such areas. This restriction is also justified.
  • The government bans the publication of a book that can go against the ruling party in the next elections.

    Answer: This restriction is not justified because we have the freedom of expression.

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Democratic Rights