Class 9 Economics

Food Security

NCERT Exercise Solution

Question 1: How is food security ensured in India?

Answer: Food security is being ensured in India by using following methods:

Question 2: Which are the people more prone to food insecurity?

Answer: The worst affected people from food-insecurity are the landless poor, traditional artisans, providers of traditional services, petty self-employed workers and destitute. In urban areas; people who are employed in low paid jobs and in seasonal works come under this category of people.

Question 3: Which states are more food insecure in India?

Answer: The BIMARU states (Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh) and Orissa have a large portion of population which can be among the food-insecure people.

Question 4: Do you believe that green revolution has made India self-sufficient in food grains? How?

Answer: Since the launch of the Green Revolution in 1970s, there has not been a single case of famine in spite of adverse weather conditions in several years. Foodgrain production increased from about 70 million tonnes in 1960-61 to about 252 million tonnes in 2015-16. The foodgrain production in 2016-17 was 275 million tonnes. These facts show that Green Revolution has been a success in India.

Question 5: A section of people in India are still without food. Explain?

Answer: Although India has become a food surplus country, there are still some people who suffer from food insecurity. As per the data of 1999-2000, about 0.9% of people still suffer from hunger. While this is a very small amount in terms of percentage, it can be a large number in absolute terms.

Question 6: What happens to the supply of food when there is a disaster or a calamity?

Answer: In case of a disaster or a calamity, the food supply gets interrupted. Many people come in a position in which they may have to go hungry. The buffer stock from the FCI is utilised in those situations to provide food to the affected people. For example; food packets are dropped in flood affected areas.