Working of Institutions
A huge team is required to govern a country. This team consists of politicians and other people who are technically capable and experienced for their tasks. These people make various institutions.
The government carries out its duties through these institutions. In this lesson, you will learn about major institutions of government of India. You will learn about brief introduction and powers of these institutions. Before proceeding further, it is important to understand the need for various institutions.
Need for political institutions
The government is responsible for providing various things and facilities to the people. It needs to provide security to the people. It needs to work for the welfare of the people. The government has to collect taxes so that it can get money to carry out various welfare programmes. The money from the tax is also utilised in maintaining the government machinery.
There are various organs and departments of the government with separate roles and responsibilities. Division of responsibilities ensures division of labour. It also ensures that power is not concentrated in one person or one particular body.
Various departments and bodies are called government institutions. Formation of various institutions is necessary for smooth functioning of the government.
In most of the cases (pertaining to civil matters) three main institutions are at work, viz. Legislature, Executive and Judiciary.
- The Prime Minister and the Cabinet take important decisions on all policy matters.
- The Civil Servants (which comprise the bureaucracy) implement the decisions which are taken by the cabinet.
- The Supreme Court plays a role whenever there is a dispute between the public interest and the government.
Disadvantages of Institutions
Presence of various institutions leads to delay in decision making which can be quite frustrating for many.
Advantages of Institutions
Presence of various institutions ensures that a broad consensus is arrived at before any major decision is taken. Institutions also prevent a bad decision being rushed into.