Question 1: If you are elected as the President of India which of the following decision can you take on your own?
Answer: (c) Ask for reconsideration of a bill passed by both the Houses.
Question 2: Who among the following is a part of the political executive?
Answer: (c) Home Minister
Question 3: Which of the following statements about the judiciary is false?
Answer: (a) Every law passed by the Parliament needs approval of the Supreme Court
Question 4: Which of the following institutions can make changes to an existing law of the country?
Answer: (d) The Parliament
Question 5: Match the ministry with the news that the ministry may have released:
|Column I||Column II|
|(a) A new policy is being made to increase jute exports from the country||(1) Ministry of Defence|
|(b) Telephone services will be made more accessible to rural areas||(2) Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Public Distribution|
|(c) The price of rice and wheat sold under the Public Distribution System will go down||(3) Ministry of Health|
|(d) A pulse polio campaign will be launched||(4) Ministry of Commerce and Industry|
|(e) The allowances of the soldiers posted on high altitudes will be increased||(5) Ministry of Communications and Information Technology|
Answer: a ⇨ 4, b ⇨ 5, c ⇨ 2, d ⇨ 3, e ⇨ 1
Question 6: Of all the institutions that we have studied in this chapter, name the one that exercises the powers on each of the following matters.
Answer: (a) Cabinet, (b) Parliament, (c) Supreme Court, (d) Permanent Executive
Question 7: Why is the Prime Minister in India not directly elected by the people? Choose the most appropriate answer and give reasons for your choice.
Answer: (a) In a Parliamentary democracy only the leader of the majority party in the Lok Sabha can become the Prime Minister.
Question 8: Three friends went to watch a film that showed the hero becoming Chief Minister for a day and making big changes in the state. Imran said this is what the country needs. Rizwan said this kind of a personal rule without institutions is dangerous. Shankar said all this is a fantasy. No minister can do anything in one day. What would be your reaction to such a film?
Answer: While it may look quite appealing in a movie, the real life is strikingly different. Governance in a democracy is all about taking everyone along with you. Moreover, in a large and diverse country like India, it is not possible to take decision on the whims of an individual. Implementation of a decision needs coordination among various organs of the government and a minister is just a part of that system. We have read in this lesson, that institutions are made in order to prevent concentration of power in one hand and to prevent dangerous decisions which may take place because of haste.
Question 9: A teacher was making preparations for a mock parliament. She called two students to act as leaders of two political parties. She gave them an option: Each one could choose to have a majority either in the mock Lok Sabha or in the mock Rajya Sabha. If this choice was given to you, which one would you choose and why?
Answer: I would choose to have a majority in the Lok Sabha. The leader of the Lok Sabha is directly answerable to the public and hence it can be quite challenging for him.
Question 10: After reading the example of the reservation order, three students had different reactions about the role of the judiciary. Which view, according to you, is a correct reading of the role of judiciary?
Answer (b) Anjaiah says that judiciary is independent because it could have given a verdict against the government order. The Supreme Court did direct the government to modify it.
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