Class 10 Chemistry

Chemical Reactions and Equations

Solutions to NCERT Questions

What is a balanced chemical equation? Why should chemical equations be balanced?

Answer: When the number of atoms of reactants is equal to the number of atoms of the products, the reaction is called a balanced chemical equation.

According to the Law of conservation of mass, total mass of the elements present in the reactants must be equal to the total mass of the elements present in products. That’s why a chemical equations should be balanced always.

Answer the following questions:

  • Which of the statements about the reaction below are incorrect?

    2PbO (s) + C (s) ⇨ 2PbS (s) + CO2 (g)
    • Lead is getting reduced.
    • Carbon dioxide is getting oxidised.
    • Carbon is getting oxidised.
    • Lead oxide is getting reduced.
    • a and b
    • a and c
    • a, b and c
    • All
    Answer: (1) a and b
  • The following reaction is an example of:

    Fe2O3 + 2Al ⇨ Al2O3 + 2Fe
    • Combination reaction
    • Double displacement reaction
    • Decomposition reaction
    • Displacement reaction
    Answer: (d) Displacement reaction
  • What happens when dilute hydrochloric acid is added to iron fillings? Tick the correct answer.
    • Hydrogen gas and iron chloride are produced
    • Chlorine gas and iron hydroxide are produced
    • No reaction takes place
    • Iron salt and water are produced
    Answer: (a) Hydrogen gas and iron chloride are produced
  • Translate the following statements into chemical equations and then balance them.
    • Hydrogen gas combines with nitrogen to form ammonia.
    • Hydrogen sulphide gas burns in air to give water and sulpur dioxide.
    • Barium chloride reacts with aluminium sulphate to give aluminium chloride and a precipitate of barium sulphate.
    • Potassium metal reacts with water to give potassium hydroxide and hydrogen gas.


(a) 3H2 + N2 ⇨ 2NH3

(b) 2H2S + 3O2 ⇨ 2H2O + 2SO2

(c) 3BaCl2 + Al2(SO4 )3 ⇨ 2AlCl3 + 3BaSO4

(d) 3K + 2H2O ⇨ 2KOH + H2

Write the balanced chemical equation for the following and identify the type of reaction in each case.

  • Potassium bromide(aq) + Barium iodide(aq) → Potassium iodide(aq) + Barium bromide(s)
  • Zinc carbonate(s) → Zinc oxide(s) + Carbon dioxide(g)
  • Hydrogen(g) + Chlorine(g) → Hydrogen chloride(g)
  • Magnesium(s) + Hydrochloric acid(aq) → Magnesium chloride(aq) + Hydrogen(g)


(a) 2KBr (aq) + BaI2 (aq) ⇨ 2KI (aq) + BaBr2 (s)

It is a double displacement reaction.

(b) ZnCO3 (s) ⇨ ZnO (s) + CO2 (g)

It is a decomposition reaction.

(c) H2 (g) + Cl2 (g) ⇨ 2HCl

It is a combination reaction.

(d) Mg (s) + 2HCl (aq) ⇨ MgCl2 (aq) + H2 (g)

It is a displacement reaction.

What does one mean by exothermic and endothermic reactions? Give examples.

Answer: Exothermic reaction: A reaction in which heat is released is called the exothermic reaction.

Example: Burning of fuel is an example of exothermic reaction. When methane is burnt it gives heat along with carbon dioxide and water.

CH4 (g) + 2O2 (g)⇨ CO2 (g) + 2H2O

Endothermic reaction: A reaction in which heat is absorbed is called endothermic reaction.

Example: When silver chloride is left in the sunlight, it absorbs heat and turns grey because of formation of silver metal.

2AgCl (s) ⇨ 2Ag (s) + Cl2 (g)

Why is respiration considered an exothermic reaction? Explain.

Answer: In the course of respiration glucose is broken into carbon dioxide and energy is released. That’s why it is considered as an exothermic reaction.

C6H12O6 (aq) + 6O2 (g) ⇨ 6CO2 (aq) + 6H2O (l) + Energy

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Balancing Equation

Double Displacement

Types of Reaction

NCERT In Text Solution

NCERT Exercise Solution-2

Exemplar MCQs-1

Exemplar MCQ-2

Exemplar Short Ans-1

Exemplar Short Ans-2

Exemplar Long Answer