Metals and Non-metals class 10 science NCERT exercise solution part 3

Metals and Non-metals

NCERT Solution 3

Aluminium is a highly reactive metal, yet it is used to make utensils for cooking. Why?

Answer: Aluminium is a highly reactive metal and hence it easily reacts with the oxygen in air. This reaction results in the formation of a layer of aluminium oxide over the metal. The layer of aluminium oxide prevents further reaction of aluminium with oxygen. This makes aluminium a corrosion resistant material. Moreover, aluminium is a good conductor of heat. Due to these reasons, aluminium is used to make cooking utensils.


Carbonate and sulphide ores are usually converted into oxides during the process of extraction. Why?

Answer: Obtaining a metal from its oxide is much easier than doing that from a metal sulphide or carbonate. Due to this; metal sulphides and carbonates are first converted to metal oxides during metallurgy.

You must have seen tarnished copper vessels being cleaned with lemon or tamarind juice. Explain why these sour substances are effective in cleaning the vessels.

Answer: A copper vessel becomes tarnished because of formation of a layer of copper carbonate or oxide over it. Acids react with carbonates and oxides and thus help in cleaning the copper vessel.


Differentiate between metal and non-metal on the basis of their chemical properties.

Answer: Difference between metals and non-metals on the basis of chemical properties is as follows:

Metals Non-metals
Metals form basic oxide when they react with oxygen. Non-metals form acidic oxide when they react with oxygen.
Some metals displace hydrogen from water. Non-metals do not react with water.
Some metals displace hydrogen from dilute acids. Non-metals do not react with dilute acids.
Metals form ionic compounds. Non-metals form covalent compounds.

A man went door to door posing as a goldsmith. He promised to bring back the glitter of old and dull gold ornaments. An unsuspecting lady gave a set of gold bangles to him which he dipped in a particular solution. The bangles sparkled like new but their weight was reduced drastically. The lady was upset but after a futile argument the man beat a hasty retreat. Can you play the detective to find out the nature of the solution he had used?

Answer: We know that goldsmiths use aqua-regia to clean gold ornaments. While cleaning a gold ornament with aqua-regia; some of the gold gets dissolved in it. This results in some weight loss of the gold ornament. That is what happened in the given case.

Give reasons why copper is used to make hot water tanks and not steel (an alloy of iron).

Answer: Iron reacts with hot water but copper does not. Moreover, copper is a very good conductor of heat. Due to these reasons; copper (rather than steel) is used to make hot water tanks.



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