Class 10 Civics

Political Parties

Political Parties: NCERT Solution

Match List I (organisations and struggles) with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:


List I List II
Congress Party United Progressive Alliance
Bharatiya Janata Party National Democratic Alliance
Communist Party of India (Marxist) Left Front
Telugu Desam Party State Party

Answer the following questions:

  • State the various functions political parties perform in a democracy
    Answer: Functions of political parties are as follows:
    • Political parties contest elections
    • They form and run governments
    • A party which loses the election plays the role of the opposition
    • Parties provide people access to government machinery and welfare schemes implemented by the government.
    • Parties shape public opinion, formulate laws and make policies
  • What are the various challenges faced by political parties?
    Answer: The various challenges faced by political parties are as follows:
    • Lack of internal democracy
    • Dynastic succession
    • Money and muscle power
    • Being a meaningful choice
  • Suggest some reforms to strengthen parties so that they perform their functions well?
    Answer: Some suggestions for future reforms of political parties are as follows:
    • A law should be made to regulate the internal affairs of political parties.
    • It should be made mandatory for political parties to give a minimum number of tickets, about one-third, to women candidates.
    • There should be state funding of elections. The government should give parties money to support their election expenses. This support could be given in kind: petrol, paper, telephone etc. Or it could be given in cash on the basis of the votes secured by the party in the last election.
  • What is a political party?
    Answer: A political party is a group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government.
  • What are the characteristics of a political party?
    Answer: Parties reflect fundamental political divisions in a society. Parties are about a part of the society and thus involve PARTISANSHIP. Thus a party is known by which part it stands for, which policies it supports and whose interests it upholds. A political party has three components, viz. leaders, active members and followers.

  • A group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government is called a _____________________.
    Answer: Political Party
  • Who among the following is the founder of the Bahujan Samaj Party?
    • Kanshi Ram
    • Sahu Maharaj
    • B.R. Ambedker
    • Jotiba Phule

    Answer: (a) Kanshi Ram
  • What is the guiding philosophy of the Bharatiya Janata Party?
    • Bahujan Samaj
    • Revolutionary democracy
    • Integral humanism
    • Modernity

    Answer: (d) Modernity
  • Consider the following statements on parties.
    • Political parties do not enjoy much trust among the people.
    • Parties are often rocked by scandals involving top party leaders.
    • Parties are not necessary to run governments.

    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    • A, B, and C
    • A and B
    • B and C
    • A and C

    Answer: (b) A and B