Question 1: Which among the following is the special feature that distinguishes a pressure group from a political party?
Answer: (c) Pressure groups do not seek to get into power, while political parties do.
Question 2: In what ways do pressure groups and movements exert influence on politics?
Answer: Pressure groups and movements exert influence on politics in following ways:
Question 3: Describe the forms of relationship between pressure groups and political parties?
Answer: Generally, there is no direct relationship between pressure groups and political parties. They usually take positions which are opposite to each other. But dialogue and negotiations do exist between them. Many new leaders of the political parties come from a pressure group.
Question 4: Explain how the activities of pressure groups are useful in the functioning of a democratic government.
Answer: The activities or pressure groups are useful in deepening the democracy. They help in raising the voice of ordinary citizens against powerful lobbyists from the business. Their actions and tactics may seem to be disruptive but they create a balance between the powerful ruling and business classes and the powerless common man.
Question 5: What is a pressure group? Give a few examples.
Answer: Organizations which influence the policies of the government are pressure groups. A pressure group is different from a political party because it is not directly answerable to the people. Moreover, the pressure group does not control or stake a share in political power. Narmada Bachao Andolan, Trade Unions, Lawyers’ Association, etc. are examples of pressure groups.
Question 6: What is the difference between a pressure group and a political party?
Answer: A political party is directly answerable to the people, while a pressure group is not. A political party either controls power or stakes a claim in power, while a pressure group does not do so.
Question 7: Organisations that undertake activities to promote the interests of specific social sections such as workers, employees, teachers, and lawyers are called _____________________ groups.
Answer: Sectional Interest Groups
Question 8: Match List I (organisations and struggles) with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:
|List I||List II|
|Organisations that seek to promote the interests of a particular section or group.||Sectional interest groups|
|Organisations that seek to promote a common interest.||Public interest groups|
|Struggle launched for the resolution of a social problem with or without an organisational structure.||Movement|
|Organsations that mobilise people with a view to win political power group||Political parties|
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