Rural Administration

NCERT Exercise Solution

What is the work of the police?

Answer: Following are the work of police:

  1. Maintenance of law and order
  2. Investigation of crime or dispute
  3. Taking the help of court to settle a dispute

List two things that the work of a Patwari includes.

Answer: The work of Patwari includes the following:

  1. Maintenance of land records
  2. Collection of land revenue

What is the work of a tehsildar?

Answer: Following are the work of a tehsildar:

  1. Hearing the disputes related to land
  2. Supervising the work of Patwari
  3. Ensuring that farmers can easily obtain land record
  4. What issue is the poem trying to raise? Do you think this is an important issue? Why?

    Answer: The poem is trying to raise the gender-based discrimination when it comes to inheritance of property. Traditionally, all the sons get inheritance in property but daughters are debarred from it.

    This is an important issue because women also work equally in the farm. But they seldom get ownership of the farm.

    In what ways are the work of the Panchayat, that you read about in the previous chapter, and the work of the Patwari related to each other?

    Answer: Patwari maintains land record, while Panchayat looks after local needs. A panchayat also needs land record, when construction of road or drainage or installation of hand-pump needs to be carried out. Moreover, many land disputes can be easily settled at the Panchayat itself. Thus, both Patwari and Panchayat need to cooperate with each other in their work.


    Visit a police station and find out the work that the police have to do to prevent crime and maintain law and order in their area especially during festivals, public meetings etc.

    Answer: During festivals and public meetings the police takes following actions to prevent crime and to maintain law and order:

    Who is in charge of all the police stations in a district? Find out.

    Answer: In a district, the SP (Superintendent of Police) is in-charge of all the police stations. Individual police stations have their own Station House Officers (SHO).

    How do women benefit under the new law?

    Answer: Under the new law, women also get a right on their ancestors’ property. This gives empowerment to the women.

    In your neighbourhood are there women who own property? How did they acquire it?

    Answer: There are many women in my neighbourhood who own property. Some of them have got the property from their forefathers. Some others have bought the property from their earnings.


    EXTRA QUESTIONS

    What is administration?

    Answer: The function of a political state in exercising its government duties is called administration.

    Who is an SHO?

    Answer: The in-charge of a police station is called the SHO (Station House Officer).

    What is the full form of FIR?

    Answer: First Information Report

    Who is a Patwari?

    Answer: The Patwari is the lowest state functionary in the Revenue Collection System.

    What is land revenue?

    Answer: The government charges some tax for the land holding on an annual basis. This is called land revenue.

    What are the key information in a land record?

    Answer: Key informations in a land record are as follows:

    1. Current owner of the land
    2. Area of the land
    3. Crop grown
    4. Any other facility on the land
    5. Boundary of the land


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