Our Country India

NCERT Solution

Fill in the blanks:
  1. India has an area of about ________________.

    Answer: 3.28 million square km
  2. The Greater Himalayas are also known as_________________.

    Answer: Himadri
  3. The largest state in India in terms of area is__________________.

    Answer: Rajasthan
  4. The river Narmada falls into the __________________ sea.

    Answer: Arabian
  5. The latitude that runs almost halfway through India is ___________.

    Answer: Tropic of Cancer

Answer These Questions

Name the major physical divisions of India.

Answer: The major physical divisions of India are as follows:

India shares its land boundaries with seven countries. Name them.

Answer: Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Myanmar

Which two major rivers fall into the Arabian Sea?

Answer: Narmada and Tapi

Name the delta formed by the Ganga and the Brahmaputra.

Answer: The Sunderban

How many States and Union Territories are there in India? Which states have a common capital?

Answer: There are 29 States and 7 Union territories in India. Punjab and Haryana share Chandigarh as capital. Andhra Pradesh and Telangana share Hyderabad as capital.

Why do a large number of people live in the Northern plains?

Answer: The land in the Northern Plains is highly fertile. This land is ideal for construction of roads, railways and houses. Hence, a large number of people live in this area.

Why is Lakshadweep known as a coral island?

Answer: Lakshadweep is formed of coral and other organic materials. Hence, it is known as a coral island.


Tick the correct option

The southernmost Himalayas are known as

  1. Shiwaliks
  2. Himadri
  3. Himachal

    Answer: (a) Shiwaliks

Sahyadris is also known as

  1. Aravali
  2. Western Ghats
  3. Himadri

    Answer: (b) Western Ghats

The Palk Strait lies between the countries

  1. Sri Lanka and Maldives
  2. India and Sri Lanka
  3. India and Maldives

    Answer: (c) India and Maldives

The Indian islands in the Arabian Sea are known as

  1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  2. Lakshadweep Islands
  3. Maldives

    Answer: (b) Lakshadweep Islands

The oldest mountain range in India is the

  1. Aravali hills
  2. Western ghats
  3. Himalayas

    Answer: (a) Aravali hills

EXTRA QUESTIONS

Discuss the neighbours of India.

Answer: Many countries share their borders with India. Afghanistan and Pakistan are towards west of India. China, Nepal and Bhutan are towards north of India. Bangladesh and Myanmar are towards east of India. Sri Lanka and Maldives are towards south of India. Sri Lanka is separated by India by the Pak Straits.

Write a brief note on the Himalayan Mountains.

Answer: The Himalayan Mountains are in the north of the Indian subcontinent. The Himalayan Mountains are divided into three parallel ranges, viz. the Great Himalaya or Himadri, the Middle Himalaya or Himachal and the Shivalik.

Write a brief note on the Northern Plains.

Answer: The Northern Plains lie to the south of the Himalayas. These plains are formed by the rivers; the Indus, the Ganges and the Brahmaputra and their tributaries. The lands are highly fertile in this region. Hence, this region has very high population density.



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