The Gupta Empire ruled over a major part of the Indian subcontinent from 320 to 550 AD. Maharaja Shri Gupta was the founder of the Gupta Empire. The reign of the Gupta Empire was a period of overall prosperity. This period also witnessed developments in the fields of science & technology, art and literature. Due to this, the Gupta Period is also known as the Golden Age in the history of India.
Chandragupta I, Samduragupta and Chandragupta II were the greatest emperors of the Gupta Empire. The rule of the Gupta Empire was spread from the north-west to Bengal in the east. The Gupta Empire was restricted to the north of the Deccan Plateau. But during its peak, it also extended to some parts of the eastern coast of India.
Samudragupta: Samudragupta is considered to be the greatest king of the Gupta Empire. Some historians also equate him with Ashoka the Great. Historians have come to know about him through the coins and inscriptions. One inscription on an Ashokan pillar in Allahabad gives a detailed account about Samudragupta. It was a prashasti; written in the form of a long poem by Harisena. Harisena was a court poet of Samudragupta; around 1700 years ago.
Prashasti is a Sanskrit word which means in praise of someone. Prashasti was written in praise of kings during that period.
The prashasti from the Ashokan pillar in Allahabad reveals following details about Samudragupta:
Thus, almost the whole subcontinent was under the rule of Samudragupta. Some parts were under his direct rule and others were ruled indirectly.
Grand Titles of Kings: This period shows a new trend. The kings began to assume grand titles. For example; Samudragupta was called Maharajadhiraja.
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