Around 2500 years ago, some of the janapadas became bigger in size. They also became more important than other janapadas. The bigger and important janapadas were called the mahajanapadas. Some examples of mahajanapadas are; Magadha, Koshala, Anga, Panchala, etc.
Fort: A mahajanapada used to have a capital city. The capital cities were usually fortified. Bricks, stones and wood were used for making forts. Fots were made to protect the city against enemies. They were also made to show off the might of the mahajanapada. A fortified city was also easier to manage.
Army: The raja maintained a regular army and soldiers were paid salaries on a regular basis.
Coins: Payments were made in the form of coins. Designs or motifs were made on these coins by punching. Hence, these are called punch coins. Thus, this period marks the change from barter system to a monetary system. In the barter system, people exchange goods for other goods. In the monetary system; we need to pay in currency.
The raja of a mahajanapada needed large amount of money to build fort and to maintain an army. While the rajas of the earlier period relied on gifts by people and other rajas; this could not be enough in the new system. So, the rajas began collecting taxes. People were employed for tax collection. Following are the ways and means for tax collection:
Two major changes happened in agriculture:
Copyright © excellup 2014