Variety of Food

Food: All living things need energy to do work and for growth and repair. They get this energy from the food. Our body uses this energy for doing work.

Food Variety: We eat different varieties of food like rice, bread, vegetables, eggs, butter, sweets, cheese, etc.


Chapter List


ingredients of food

Ingredients of Food: Materials needed to prepare any food item are called ingredients. Two or more than two ingredients are needed to prepare a dish.

Example: To prepare boiled rice, rice and water are used, so rice and water are the ingredients for boiled rice.

Vegetables, salt, water and spices are used in cooking vegetable curry, so vegetables, salt, water and spices are ingredients of vegetable curry.

Sources of Food Materials

Plants and animals are the main sources of food.

food from plants

Food from plant source: Rice, wheat, vegetables, fruits, etc. are obtained from plant source. We get these ingredients from certain parts of different plants.

Sugar: We get sugar from sugarcane and beetroot.

Tea & coffee: We use tea leaves and coffee beans.

Spices: We get many spices from plants like - pepper, cardamon, ginger, turmeric, cloves, cumin, etc.


food from animals

Food from animal source:

We get milk, eggs, meat, honey, fish, etc. from animals.

Buffaloes and cow give milk. Hen and duck give eggs. We get meat from goat, chicken, hen etc.

Eggs and meat are rich in protein. Fish is the major part of food for people living in the coastal regions.

Honey: Honeybee produces honey from nectar of flowers. It is rich in sugars, minerals and enzymes.


Modes of Nutrition

Autotrophs: Plants make their food themselves by the process of photosynthesis so they are called autotrophs.

Heterotrophs: Animals; including humans; do not make their food. They eat foods prepared by plants.

Heterotrophs are divided into following types on the basis of their food habit.

herbivores carnivores omnivores

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