Decline of Mughal

Extra Questions

Match Columns

Column IColumn II
(i) Sikhs(a) Churaman
(ii) Maratha(b) Jathas
(iii) Jat(c) Shivaji

Answer: (i) – b, (ii) – c, (iii) –a

Multiple Choice Questions

Who founded the state of Bengal?

  1. Sa’adat Khan
  2. Murshid Quli khan
  3. Akbar
  4. Shah Jahan

    Answer: (b) Murshid Quli Khan

Awadh depended on _____ for loans

  1. Local bankers
  2. mahajans
  3. both a and b
  4. none of the above

    Answer: (c) both a and b

The close connection between state and bankers was noticeable in ____

  1. Hyderabad
  2. Bengal
  3. Awadh
  4. All of the above

    Answer: (d) All of the above

The khalsa was instituted in ____

  1. 1699
  2. 1713
  3. 1761
  4. 1654

    Answer: (a) 1699

The grand army of the Sikhs used to meet every year at _____

  1. Punjab
  2. Poona
  3. Amritsar
  4. Delhi

    Answer: (c) Amritsar

Fill in the blanks:

  1. __________ sacked and plundered the city of Delhi in 1739.

    Answer: Nadir Shah
  2. Sa’adat Khan seized agriculturally fertile lands of the Afghans of _____.

    Answer: Rohilkhand
  3. During the reign of Alivardi Khan, the banking house of ______ became very prosperous.

    Answer: Jagat Seth
  4. _____ was conquered and annexed to the house of Jodhpur.

    Answer: Nagaur
  5. The family of Chitpavan Brahamans served Shivaji’s successors as _____.

    Answer: Peshwa

Very Short Answer Questions:

Who consolidated their authority in different parts of the subcontinent when the Mughal Empire declined?

Answer: The governors of large provinces, subadars and the great zamindars.

Name the states that were carved out of the old Mughal provinces.

Answer: Bengal, Awadh and Hyderabad.

Name the Maratha chiefs who, with revival of trade, got enough resources to raise armies.

Answer: Sindhia of Gwalior, Gaekwad of Baroda and Bhonsle of Nagpur.

What were the drawbacks of the Maratha expansion?

Answer: It made other rulers hostile towards the Marathas. Consequently, they were not inclined to support the Marathas in the third battle of Panipat in 1761.

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