Rulers and Buildings
|Column I||Column II|
|(i) Sultan||(a) Hasht bihisht|
|(ii) King's reservoir||(b) Shadow of God|
|(iii) Eight paradises||Hauz-i-Sultani|
Answer: (i) b, (ii) c, (iii) a
Fill in the blanks:
- The inscriptions under the first balcony of Qutab Minar are in ______.
- _____ won universal respect for constructing a large reservoir just outside Dehli-i- Kuhna.
- Important aspects of Mughal architecture like the central dome and the tall gateway (pishtaq) were first visible in ____.
- Under the ____ architecture became more complex.
- The remaining floors of Qutb Minar (i.e. other than the first floor) were constructed by _____ around 1229.
Answer: (1) Arabic, (2) Iltutumish, (3) Ibrahim Lodhi, (4) Muhammad Tughlaq, (5) Qutubuddin Aybak
Multiple Choice Questions
Question 1: The first floor of Qutb Minar was constructed by ____ around 1199.
- Qutbuddin Aybak
- Ibrahim Lodhi
- Muhammad Tughluq
Answer: (a) Qutubuddin Aybak
Question 2: The elephant stables in Vijayanagara were influenced by the architectural styles of ___
- Fatehpur Sikri
- Sultanate of Bijapur
- Sultanate of Golconda
- Both b and c
Answer: (d) Both b and c
Question 3: The Taj Mahal is the grandest architectural accomplishment of the reign of ____
- Shah Jahan
Answer: (c) Shah Jahan
Question 4: The surface of the minar is
- Both b and c
Answer: (b) Curved
Very Short Answer Type Questions
Question 1: Name the Mughal emperors who were personally interested in art, literature and architecture.
Answer: Babur, Humayun, Akbar, Jahangir and especially Shah Jahan.
Question 2: Which places had tanks and reservoirs as their part?
Answer: Temples, mosques and gurudwaras.
Question 3: Name the locations where some of the most beautiful chahar baghs were constructed by Jahangir and Shah Jahan?
Answer: Kashmir, Agra and Delhi.
Question 4: Define superstructure.
Answer: The part of a building above the ground floor.
Question 5: Why were temples destroyed by some rulers?
Answer: Since temples were the indicators of the kings’ devotion to God and their power and wealth, it was obvious to target temples while attacking kingdoms.