Rulers and Buildings

Extra Questions

Match Columns

Column IColumn II
(i) Sultan(a) Hasht bihisht
(ii) King's reservoir(b) Shadow of God
(iii) Eight paradisesHauz-i-Sultani

Answer: i - b, ii - c, iii – a

Fill in the blanks:

  1. The inscriptions under the first balcony of Qutb Minar are in ______.

    Answer: Arabic
  2. _____ won universal respect for constructing a large reservoir just outside Dehli-i- Kuhna.

    Answer: Iltutumish
  3. Important aspects of Mughal architecture like the central dome and the tall gateway (pishtaq) were first visible in ____.

    Answer: Ibrahim Lodhi
  4. Under the ____ architecture became more complex.

    Answer: Muhammad Tughlaq
  5. The remaining floors of Qutb Minar (i.e. other than the first floor) were constructed by _____ around 1229.

    Answer: Qutubuddin Aybak

Multiple Choice Questions

The first floor of Qutb Minar was constructed by ____ around 1199.

  1. Qutbuddin Aybak
  2. Humayun
  3. Ibrahim Lodhi
  4. Muhammad Tughluq

    Answer: (a) Qutubuddin Aybak

The elephant stables in Vijayanagara were influenced by the architectural styles of ___

  1. Fatehpur Sikri
  2. Sultanate of Bijapur
  3. Sultanate of Golconda
  4. Both b and c

    Answer: (d) Both b and c

The Taj Mahal is the grandest architectural accomplishment of the reign of ____

  1. Jahangir
  2. Babur
  3. Shah Jahan
  4. Akbar

    Answer: (c) Shah Jahan

The surface of the minar is

  1. Straight
  2. Curved
  3. Angular
  4. Both b and c

    Answer: (b) Curved

Very Short Answer Type Questions

Name the Mughal emperors who were personally interested in art, literature and architecture.

Answer: Babur, Humayun, Akbar, Jahangir and especially Shah Jahan.

Which places had tanks and reservoirs as their part?

Answer: Temples, mosques and gurudwaras.

Name the locations where some of the most beautiful chahar baghs were constructed by Jahangir and Shah Jahan?

Answer: Kashmir, Agra and Delhi.

Define superstructure.

Answer: The part of a building above the ground floor.

Why were temples destroyed by some rulers?

Answer: Since temples were the indicators of the kings’ devotion to God and their power and wealth, it was obvious to target temples while attacking kingdoms.

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