Question 1: Here are some false statements. Identify the mistake in each case and rewrite these correctly based on what you have read in this chapter.
Question 2: Which of these was the most salient underlying conflict in the making of a democratic constitution in South Africa?
Question 3: Which of these is a provision that a democratic constitution does not have?
Question 4: Match the following leaders with their roles in the making of the Constitution:
|Column I||Column II|
|(a) Motilal Nehru||(1) President of the Constituent Assembly|
|(b) B R Ambedkar||(2) Member of the Constituent Assembly|
|(c) Rajendra Prasad||(3) Chairman of the Drafting Committee|
|(d) Sarojini Naidu||(4) Prepared a Constitution for India in 1928|
Answer: a ⇨ 4, b ⇨ 3, c ⇨ 1, d ⇨ 2
Question 5: Read again the extracts from Nehru’s speech ‘Tryst with Destiny’ and answer the following:
Question 6: Here are some of the guiding values of the Constitution and their meaning. Rewrite them by matching them correctly.
|Column I||Column II|
|(a) Sovereign||(1) Government will not favour any religion|
|(b) Republic||(2) People have the supreme right to make decisions|
|(c) Fraternity||(3) Head of state is an elected person|
|(d) Secular||(4) People live like brothers and sisters|
Answer: a ⇨ 2, b ⇨ 3, c ⇨ 4, d ⇨ 1
Question 7: A friend from Nepal has written you a letter describing the political exercises situation there. Many political parties are opposing the rule of the king. Some of them say that the existing constitution given by the monarch can be amended to allow more powers to elected representatives. Others are demanding a new Constituent Assembly to write a republican constitution. Reply to your friend giving your opinions on the subject.
Answer: Both the options are plausible. If the existing constitution is proper then it can be amended to include more powers to elected representatives. If the existing constitution is full of loopholes, then a new constitution should be drafted. For this, a Constituent Assembly should be formed by including the elected representatives and they should collectively decide about a particular option.
Question 8: Here are different opinions about what made India a democracy. How much importance would you give to each of these factors?
Question 9: Read the following extract from a conduct book for ‘married women’, published in 1912. ‘God has made the female species delicate and fragile both physically and emotionally, pitiably incapable of self-defence. They are destined thus by God to remain in male protection – of father, husband and son – all their lives. Women should, therefore, not despair, but feel obliged that they can dedicate themselves to the service of men’. Do you think the values expressed in this para reflected the values underlying our constitution? Or does this go against the constitutional values?
Answer: The constitution treats every citizen equally irrespective of gender distinction. Hence this paragraph does not reflect the underlying value in our constitution.
Question 10: Read the following statements about a constitution. Give reasons why each of these is true or not true.
(a) The authority of the rules of the constitution is the same as that of any other law.
Answer: If a new law passed by the Parliament is gound to be deviating from the basic principles of Constitution, that law will eventually be quashed. This shows that a Constitution is above other laws.
(b) Constitution lays down how different organs of the government will be formed.
(c) Rights of citizens and limits on the power of the government are laid down in the constitution.
(d) A constitution is about institutions, not about values.
Answer: (d) A constitution is about institutions through which different values are being inculcated.
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