Geometry Construction NCERT Exercise 11.2 solution Class Ten Mathematics

Geometry Construction

Exercise 11.2

Question 1: Draw a circle of radius 6 cm. From a point 10 cm away from its centre, construct the pair of tangents to the circle and measure their lengths.

Solution: Draw a circle with radius 6 cm and centre O.


geometry construction exercise solution

Justification: Radius, tangent and distance between centre and external point (from which tangent is drawn) make a right triangle. Using Pythagoras theorem, we have;

`PQ^2 = OP^2 – OQ^2`

`= 10^2 – 6^2`

`= 100 – 36 = 64`

Or, `PQ = 8  cm`

Question 2: Construct a tangent to a circle of radius 4 cm from a point on the concentric circle of radius 6 cm and measure its length. Also verify the measurement by actual calculation.

Solution: Draw two concentric circles with radii 4 cm and 6 cm.

geometry construction exercise solution

Justification: Using Pythagoras theorem, we have;

`PQ^2 = OP^2 – OQ^2`

`= 6^2 – 4^2`

`= 36 – 16 = 20`

Or, `PQ = 2sqrt5  cm`


Question 3: Draw a circle of radius 3 cm. Take two points P and Q on one of its extended diameter each at a distance of 7 cm from its centre. Draw tangents to the circle from these two points P and Q.

Solution: Draw a circle with radius 3 cm.

geometry construction exercise solution

Question 4: Draw a pair of tangents to a circle of radius 5 cm which are inclined to each other at an angle of 60o.

Solution: Draw a circle with radius 5 cm.

geometry construction exercise solution

Question 5: Draw a line segment AB of length 8 cm. Taking A as centre, draw a circle of radius 4 cm and taking B as centre, draw another circle of radius 3 cm. Construct tangents to each circle from the centre of the other circle.

Solution: Draw a line segment, AB = 8 cm.

geometry construction exercise solution

Question 6: Let ABC be a right triangle in which AB = 6 cm, BC = 8 cm and ∠B = 90o. BD is the perpendicular from B on AC. The circle through B, C, D is drawn. Construct the tangent from A to this circle.

Solution: Draw a line segment AB = 6 cm.

geometry construction exercise solution

Question 7: Draw a circle with the help of a bangle. Take a point outside the circle. Construct the pair of tangents from this point to the circle.

Solution: This question can be solved as the first question.



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