Question 1: What do you understand by the word 'government'? List five ways in which you think the government affects your daily life.
Answer: The system by which a state or community is governed is called the government. Five ways in which the government affects our daily life are as follows:
Question 2: Why do you think the government needs to make rules for everyone in the form of laws?
Answer: Laws are needed to ensure people can lead a normal life without being disturbed by others. Laws also ensure that nobody is able to disturb the life of another without due reasons. To understand this, let us take a simple example of the traffic rule that every vehicle must stop at the red signal. If nobody will stop at the red signal, it will result in chaos. Nobody will be able to drive smoothly. Everyone would reach his destination after suffering for long hours. Laws are necessary to properly manage the administration. Hence, government needs to make rules for everyone.
Question 3: Name two essential features of a democratic government.
Answer: Two essential features of a democratic government are as follows:
Question 4: What was the suffrage movement? What did it accomplish?
Answer: The suffrage movement was related to ensuring equal voting rights for all. During those days, women did not have voting rights in Europe and the USA. When the World War began, all the men became busy in war. It was left to the women to shoulder other responsibilities; like working in offices and factories. Then many people began to realize that women should also be given voting rights. After many years of continuous struggle, women could get voting rights. This ensured that women too got equal say in power.
Question 5: Gandhiji strongly believed that every adult in India should be given the right to vote. However, a few people don't share his views. They feel that illiterate people, who are mainly poor, should not be given the right to vote. What do you think? Do you think this would be a form of discrimination? Give five points to support your view and share these with the class.
Answer: Gandhiji was right in believing that every adult was a responsible person. He believed that if a person was mature enough to shoulder the responsibility of running a family, he must be mature enough to elect a government of his/her choice. Gandhiji was of the view that if a person was poor or illiterate, it did not mean that the person was not wise enough to elect a government. Depriving the poor and the illiterates of voting rights would have been a form of discrimination. Following points support this view:
Question 1: Why do we need a government?
Answer: Government is needed to make decisions and to get things done.
Question 2: What are the two main levels of government?
Answer: The two main levels of government are:
Question 3: Write a brief note on Central Government.
Answer: This is the topmost level of government. The Central Government looks after topics of national interest. The Prime Minister is the head of the Central Government. The Central Government operates from the national capital New Delhi.
Question 4: Write a brief note on State Government.
Answer: Different states have their own level of government. The State Government is headed by the Chief Minister of that state. The State Government looks after the state subjects.
Question 5: What is monarchy?
Answer: When the head of the government is a king, this is called a monarchy. The king enjoys supreme power.
Question 6: What is democracy?
Answer: In a democratic government, the rulers are elected by people. Democracy is defined as the government by the people, for the people and of the people.
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