What, Where, How and When?

Learning Goals:

WHAT IS HISTORY

The story of humankind’s past is called history. History tells us about various developments which have taken place in the human society in different periods.


Importance of History:


WHERE DID PEOPLE LIVE

map of India showing prehistoric settlements

Fig: Palaeolithic Settlements

During prehistoric times; people lived at following places in the Indian subcontinent.

  1. Banks of the river Narmada
  2. Sulaiman and Kirthar Hills of the Northwest
  3. Garo hills in the northeast and the Vindhyas in central India
  4. River Indus and its tributaries
  5. River Ganga and its tributary Son

River Narmada: For several thousand years; people lived near the banks of the Narmada. They were hunters-gatherers. It means; they were nomadic, i.e. did not lead a settled life.


Sulaiman and Kirthar Hills: People lived in the Sulaiman and Kirthar Hills about 8000 years ago. They were among the first people to begin farming. They used to grow crops; like wheat and barley. They also begun to domesticate animals; like sheep, goat and cattle. People lived a settled life. Villages came into origin around this time.

Garo Hills and the Vindhyas: People living in Garo hills were among the first to grow rice. Rice was also grown towards the north of the Vindhyas.

Indus and its tributaries: The earliest cities developed near the banks of Indus and its tributaries; around 4700 years ago.

Ganga and Son: It was about 2500 years ago when cities also developed on the banks of the Ganga. Some cities also developed along the tributaries of the Ganges. Some cities also developed along the sea coast.



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