Maps

NCERT Solution

Answer the following questions:

What are the three components of a map?

Answer: The three components of a map are; Distance, Direction and Symbol.

What are the four cardinal directions?

Answer: North, East, South and West are the four cardinal directions.


What do you mean by the term ‘the scale of the map’?

Answer: The scale of the map shows the actual distance as represented by one unit of measurement on the map. For example; if the scale of the map shows 1 cm = 10 km, this means 5 cm on the map is equal to 50 km in the real world.

How are maps more helpful than a globe?

Answer: Maps can show more details compared to a globe. A map can be carried in the pocket. It can be folded to fit in small space. Thus, a map is more useful than a globe.


Distinguish between a map and a plan.

Answer: A map is made at a small scale while a plan is made at a large scale. A map shows a village, city, neighbourhood, state or country. But a plan shows a very small area; like a house or a hotel.

Which map provides detailed information?

Answer: A large scale map provides detailed information.

How do symbols help in reading maps?

Answer: Symbols are very useful in reading maps. Symbols are especially useful in a situation when you do not know the local language. In spite of that, you can easily locate a particular landmark with the help of symbols.


Tick the correct option

Maps showing distribution of forests are

  1. Physical map
  2. Thematic Map
  3. Political map

    Answer: (b) Thematic Map

The blue colour is used for showing

  1. Water bodies
  2. Mountains
  3. lains<

    Answer: (a) Water bodies

A compass is used

  1. To show symbols
  2. To find the main direction
  3. To measure distance

    Answer: (b) To find the main direction

A scale is necessary

  1. For a map
  2. For a sketch
  3. For symbols

    Answer:(a) For a map


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