# Maps

## NCERT Solution

What are the three components of a map?

Answer: The three components of a map are; Distance, Direction and Symbol.

What are the four cardinal directions?

Answer: North, East, South and West are the four cardinal directions.

What do you mean by the term ‘the scale of the map’?

Answer: The scale of the map shows the actual distance as represented by one unit of measurement on the map. For example; if the scale of the map shows 1 cm = 10 km, this means 5 cm on the map is equal to 50 km in the real world.

How are maps more helpful than a globe?

Answer: Maps can show more details compared to a globe. A map can be carried in the pocket. It can be folded to fit in small space. Thus, a map is more useful than a globe.

Distinguish between a map and a plan.

Answer: A map is made at a small scale while a plan is made at a large scale. A map shows a village, city, neighbourhood, state or country. But a plan shows a very small area; like a house or a hotel.

Which map provides detailed information?

Answer: A large scale map provides detailed information.

How do symbols help in reading maps?

Answer: Symbols are very useful in reading maps. Symbols are especially useful in a situation when you do not know the local language. In spite of that, you can easily locate a particular landmark with the help of symbols.

##### Tick the correct option

Maps showing distribution of forests are

1. Physical map
2. Thematic Map
3. Political map

The blue colour is used for showing

1. Water bodies
2. Mountains
3. lains<

A compass is used

1. To show symbols
2. To find the main direction
3. To measure distance

Answer: (b) To find the main direction

A scale is necessary

1. For a map
2. For a sketch
3. For symbols