class seven civics ncert solution working of state government

State Government

NCERT Solution

Use the terms ‘constituency’ and ‘represent’ to explain who an MLA is and how is the person elected?

Answer: Since a constituency is a particular area from which all the voters living there choose their representatives; an MLA is the elected representative of the people of a particular constituency. Constituency is the area represented by a particular MLA.

How did some MLAs become Ministers? Explain.

Answer: The chief minister (who is elected by the MLAs of the ruling party) selects other people as ministers. Some MLAs have duties as MLAs as well as ministers.

Why should decisions taken by the Chief Minister and other ministers be debated in the Legislative Assembly?

Answer: Since a democracy works on a participative basis, the members can ask questions and debate on the decisions of the ministers. All the decisions have to be approved by the members who have the main authority.

What was the problem in Patalpuram? What discussion/ action was taken by the following? Fill in the table.

Answer: In Patalpuram there was shortage of drinking water and the condition of the district hospital was pathetic. It was overflowing with patients suffering from diarrhoea.

What is the difference between the work that MLAs do in the Assembly and the work done by government departments?

Answer: The making of laws is done by the legislature i.e. MLAs. Implementation of these laws is done by the government departments.

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