Class 10 Economics
Development: NCERT Exercise Solution
What is the main criterion used by the World Bank in classifying different countries? What are the limitations of this criterion, if any?
Answer: Per Capita Income is the main criterion used by the World Bank in classifying different countries. Economists agree that income is not the only factor to improve the quality of life. There are many other factors which affect the development, e.g. infant mortality rate, literacy level, healthcare, etc. Hence, it can be said that the criterion used by the World Bank has its own limitations.
The following table shows the proportion of undernourished adults in India. It is based on a survey of various states for the year 2001. Look at the table and answer the following questions.
- Compare the nutritional level of people in Kerala and Madhya Pradesh.
Answer: People of Kerala get better nutrition than the people of Madhya Pradesh.
- Can you guess why around 40 per cent of people in the country are undernourished even though it is argued that there is enough food in the country? Describe in your own words.
Answer: Some of the possible reasons can be as follows:
- Uneven distribution of foodgrain production
- Improper supply chain
- Malfunctioning of Public Distribution System.
For each of the items given in Table 1.6, find out which country is at the top and which is at the bottom.
Answer: Following are the top and bottom ranked countries on various parameters:
- Per capita income: Sri Lanka (top), Myanmar (bottom)
- Life Expectancy: Sri Lanka (top), Myanmar (bottom)
- Literacy rate (15+ year): Sri Lanka (top), Bangladesh (bottom)
- Gross enrolment ratio: Sri Lanka (top), Pakistan (bottom)
In Text Solution