Forest and Wildlife Resources

The Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972: The demands for some rules to protect the wildlife were raised by the conservationists during the 1960s and 1970s. The government then enacted the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972. Some salient provisions of this act are as follows:

Benefits of Conservation:

Government's Categorization of Forests:

  1. Reserved Forests: More than half of the total forest land has been declared reserved forests. These are considered as the most valuable from conservation perspective.
  2. Protected Forests: Almost one-third of the total forest area is protected forest. The protected forests are protected from any further depletion.
  3. Un-classed Forests: Forests which do not come under either of the above two categories are called un-classed forests.

New Trends In Conservation Policy

Increase Biodiversity: Previously, the focus of conservation was on a few bigger animals, like tiger and lion. Now, the focus is on biodiversity rather than on a few species. So, even insects are getting proper attention as part of conservation effort. According to new notifications under Wildlife Act of 1980 and 1986, several hundred butterflies, moths, beetles and one dragonfly have been added to the list of protected species. Six species of plants were added to the list in 1991.


Community and Conservation



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