Class 6 Science

Changes Around Us

There are two types of changes, viz. reversible and irreversible.

Reversible Change

When a change can be reversed, it is called reversible change. Examples: Melting of ice, folding of paper, water turning into vapour, inflation of balloon, etc.

Irreversible Change

When a change cannot be reversed, it is called irreversible change. Examples: Cooking, growth in a living being, burning of paper, etc.

Changes can also be divided into following two types:

physical change

Fig: Physical Change

Physical Change

When no new substance is formed after the change, it is called physical change. Physical changes are usually reversible. Examples: Melting of ice, melting of wax, etc.

Chemical change

Fig: Chemical Change

Chemcial Change

When a new substance is formed after the change, it is called chemical change. Chemical changes cannot be reversed by simple physical means. Many chemical changes are irreversible. Examples: Burning of candle, rusting of iron, etc.

Causes of Change

There are various causes of change. Some of them are given below:

Force: Force can bring changes in certain things. For example; when you blow air in a balloon, the force of air inflates the balloon. When a potter applies force on a lump of soil, he gives shape to the lump. When a goldsmith hammers a piece of gold, he makes intricate designs on it. When a ball of dough it pressed with the rolling pin, it turns into flat bread; which is ready to cook.

Temperature: When ice is kept on room temperature, it melts and turns into water. When candle begins burning, its wax melts because of higher temperature. When a piece of paper is burnt, it turns into a new substance because of heat. Ironsmith uses heat to change a lump of iron into useful items. Iron is heated till it becomes red hot and then is beaten to give it a particular shape. Spade, knife, sickle, etc. are made from iron in this way.

Copyright © excellup 2014